Business plan for an island format children’s art studio (in a shopping center)

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Opening your own dry cleaners in Russia can be a profitable undertaking. At the same time, you need to understand that there are two different areas of this business – a full-fledged laundry-dry-cleaner directly and a self-service laundry. In this article, we will take a closer look at the first line of business (how they differ, I think, there is no need to explain).

First you need to register as a business entity, and here you can register as just an individual entrepreneur, and register your legal entity. In general, in order to start your own business in this area, it will not be enough just to register, you also need to obtain standard permits for all from Rospotrebnadzor, the Ministry of Emergency Situations and many other authorities. An entrepreneur must have contracts for the maintenance of his premises, but in general, almost every entrepreneur goes through all these procedures, and there are no special features here. Only special attention should be paid to utilities and the condition of the premises. Generally,

The next step in organizing a business is actually finding a place to work. And here it must be said that an entrepreneur has several options available, depending on what range of services he wants to offer his clients. In general, the size of the laundry room will be considerable, because you will have to have not only a washing area, but also ironing, dry cleaning, warehouses for consumables and ready-to-delivery clothes, and a linen sorting area. As a result, the size of the laundry room starts from 70 m 2 to 100 m 2. An entrepreneur should look for premises depending on the location of competitive enterprises, but still the most preferred places are sleeping quarters with a huge number of houses. It is usually not advisable to be located in the city center, because it is still more convenient for customers to drop off and receive clothes close to home. This significantly reduces the cost of renting a room, because in residential areas it is always lower than in the center. On average, the cost will be about 500-600 rubles per square meter of area (meaning premises not near roads, but somewhere among residential areas, for example, on the first floors of residential buildings, the main thing is that such a room should be designed as a commercial property by the owner the property). In small towns it may be a little cheaper, but in megacities even such a room will cost much more. Also, when choosing a room, attention should be paid to how it fits this type of business – that is, it must be connected to the water supply, the technical equipment of the sewerage and water supply must correspond to the volume of water that will have to be used, that is, the calculations must be accurate, and you need say that not every room may be suitable. Otherwise, you will have to deal with repairs, which will require additional investments, and here the amount may even exceed 100 thousand rubles. that not every room may be suitable. Otherwise, you will have to deal with repairs, which will require additional investments, and here the amount may even exceed 100 thousand rubles. that not every room may be suitable. Otherwise, you will have to deal with repairs, which will require additional investments, and here the amount may even exceed 100 thousand rubles.

When the issue with the premises is resolved, you can begin to search for the necessary equipment. So, for the laundry, first of all, of course, washing machines are needed, moreover, professional ones, which have a huge number of settings and work with different types of fabrics. Next – dryers, sometimes squeezing machines are additionally purchased, and you also need to buy separate equipment for the dry cleaning zone. Today, suppliers offer specialized machines, as well as so-called finishing equipment, which perform the functions of additional processing of soiled clothing. Dry cleaners must be well aware of how to work with the equipment (but about the selection of personnel – a little lower). The cost of equipment can vary greatly, for example, foreign cars will be an order of magnitude more expensive than Russian or Chinese ones. Moreover, it makes sense to consider Russian equipment – it is not always inferior in quality to foreign ones, but at the same time it is much cheaper, because transport costs are reduced and there are no customs. Chinese devices, in turn, are usually really inferior in quality, but they can be the cheapest solution even taking into account customs operations and transportation. However, the cost of machines differs in other ways; so for washing, drying and wringing machines, the main parameter is productivity, that is, how much laundry the unit can process at a time; it is measured in kilograms, and here the simplest model has a maximum load usually no more than 8 kilograms. But for a professional laundry, this may not be enough; in general, manufacturers supply devices, which can be loaded with up to 100 kilograms of laundry. Does it make sense to buy such expensive (and very large) equipment – the entrepreneur decides for himself. The cost of all these cars is approximately equal, starting from 70-100 thousand rubles, but the most expensive cars cost up to half a million (and sometimes more). A separate category is technical complex units analogous to simple machines, for example, barrier-type wringers cost 700-1400 thousand rubles, and the most expensive items – up to 5 million. But this is rather equipment for a very large dry-cleaner, which works not just with individuals, but with enterprises. There are also additional devices that improve the washing process, for example, detergent dispensers (allowing you to fully automate the washing process even for the whole working day), but their cost will not be small – from 100 thousand rubles for each washing machine. Next – ironing machines, their main parameter is the area of ​​\u200b\u200bthe working surface, so it does not always make sense to buy wide units, because the laundry does not expect to work with wide products. A good ironing press costs about half a million, but they need to be bought for a laundry much less than the same washing machines (a small laundry can even be served by one such machine). Here you also need to understand that at least 100 thousand rubles will have to be spent on small additional equipment – boards, tables, racks and similar products. But the most expensive (of the necessary) will be dry cleaning machines. The cost of a normal device starts from one million rubles, and although one car may also be enough here, after all, the equipment of the dry cleaning zone usually costs more than the simple washing zone. At the same time, it usually makes no sense to open a laundry without the possibility of dry cleaning, because a significant part of customers are interested in this. From here it turns out that the cost of laundry equipment starts from 2-3 million rubles and can be several tens of millions, depending on how large the establishment is, that is, how many machines you have to buy. It is clear that even a small laundry will not manage with one washing machine, sometimes up to a dozen are bought (and in large enterprises, more than ten). If you buy used cars, you can save a lot. By the way, it should also be noted that all equipment must comply with noise standards, especially if the laundry is located near residential buildings. At the same time, it usually makes no sense to open a laundry without the possibility of dry cleaning, because a significant part of customers are interested in this. From here it turns out that the cost of laundry equipment starts from 2-3 million rubles and can be several tens of millions, depending on how large the establishment is, that is, how many machines you have to buy. It is clear that even a small laundry will not manage with one washing machine, sometimes up to a dozen are bought (and in large enterprises, more than ten). If you buy used cars, you can save a lot. By the way, it should also be noted that all equipment must comply with noise standards, especially if the laundry is located near residential buildings. At the same time, it usually makes no sense to open a laundry without the possibility of dry cleaning, because a significant part of customers are interested in this. From here it turns out that the cost of laundry equipment starts from 2-3 million rubles and can be several tens of millions, depending on how large the establishment is, that is, how many machines you have to buy. It is clear that even a small laundry will not manage with one washing machine, sometimes up to a dozen are bought (and in large enterprises, more than ten). If you buy used cars, you can save a lot. By the way, it should also be noted that all equipment must comply with noise standards, especially if the laundry is located near residential buildings. because a significant part of customers are interested in this. From here it turns out that the cost of laundry equipment starts from 2-3 million rubles and can be several tens of millions, depending on how large the establishment is, that is, how many machines you have to buy. It is clear that even a small laundry will not manage with one washing machine, sometimes up to a dozen are bought (and in large enterprises, more than ten). If you buy used cars, you can save a lot. By the way, it should also be noted that all equipment must comply with noise standards, especially if the laundry is located near residential buildings. because a significant part of customers are interested in this. From here it turns out that the cost of laundry equipment starts from 2-3 million rubles and can be several tens of millions, depending on how large the establishment is, that is, how many machines you have to buy. It is clear that even a small laundry will not manage with one washing machine, sometimes up to a dozen are bought (and in large enterprises, more than ten). If you buy used cars, you can save a lot. By the way, it should also be noted that all equipment must comply with noise standards, especially if the laundry is located near residential buildings. that the cost of laundry equipment starts from 2-3 million rubles and can be several tens of millions, depending on how large the establishment will be, that is, how many machines you have to buy. It is clear that even a small laundry will not manage with one washing machine, sometimes up to a dozen are bought (and in large enterprises, more than ten). If you buy used cars, you can save a lot. By the way, it should also be noted that all equipment must comply with noise standards, especially if the laundry is located near residential buildings. that the cost of laundry equipment starts from 2-3 million rubles and can be several tens of millions, depending on how large the establishment will be, that is, how many machines you have to buy. It is clear that even a small laundry will not manage with one washing machine, sometimes up to a dozen are bought (and in large enterprises, more than ten). If you buy used cars, you can save a lot. By the way, it should also be noted that all equipment must comply with noise standards, especially if the laundry is located near residential buildings. If you buy used cars, you can save a lot. By the way, it should also be noted that all equipment must comply with noise standards, especially if the laundry is located near residential buildings. If you buy used cars, you can save a lot. By the way, it should also be noted that all equipment must comply with noise standards, especially if the laundry is located near residential buildings.

When the equipment is delivered and installed (and the installation should ideally be handled by the supplier), you can start looking for staff for your laundry. To work in a laundry, you need to find people who have already worked in a laundry or at least understand how to use the equipment provided. A lot of people can work at such an enterprise, but a lot depends on the schedule of the laundry, as well as on its size. Moreover, sometimes in the laundry the equipment does not allow to fully automate the process, so people are hired to perform certain duties, for example, ironing. It should also be noted that many laundries operate daily, and the schedule can even be twelve hours. Under such conditions, it turns out that even a small laundry needs to hire at least 4 people. There must also be at least one receptionist, that is, a person who is engaged in the acceptance and distribution of linen, works directly with customers. Additionally, if the entrepreneur himself is not going to be the head of his institution, then he will need to hire a director, and this person already receives from 30 thousand rubles. Laundry workers themselves receive from 20 thousand rubles (persons at the reception) to 30 thousand (employees who are directly involved in the process of work). It is also worth noting that today some of the laundries offer their customers a good service, and the most common additional service is a home visit to the client and the delivery of washed laundry. Of course, the laundry may charge extra money for this, and a considerable number of people order this service. If the entrepreneur decides to engage in this direction, then he will have to hire a person who will deal with trips to the client. In other words, you just need a driver (the salary of these people is from 20 thousand rubles). But then you will have to buy a car for the enterprise, which is engaged in the collection and delivery of linen. In general, the minimum that will need to be spent on a car is 500 thousand rubles. A good car costs about a million rubles. Also, all business processes that are not related to the organization’s profit should be outsourced. This includes bookkeeping, security services and maintenance of the premises. the minimum that will need to be spent on a car is 500 thousand rubles. A good car costs about a million rubles. Also, all business processes that are not related to the organization’s profit should be outsourced. This includes bookkeeping, security services and maintenance of the premises. the minimum that will need to be spent on a car is 500 thousand rubles. A good car costs about a million rubles. Also, all business processes that are not related to the organization’s profit should be outsourced. This includes bookkeeping, security services and maintenance of the premises.

The next step is to find suppliers of consumables. Depending on the services provided and the equipment used, consumables may be different, but this is almost always a huge number of different goods; however, in any relatively large city there is more than one company that supplies such products. At the same time, before buying equipment, you should familiarize yourself with what kind of consumables will be required in the work. In general, they are purchased with the expectation that their cost will be covered by the provision of services, and together with all costs, the cost of providing laundry and dry cleaning services will not exceed 25% of the final cost. That is, the margin in this business is quite high, but you need to understand that maintaining a laundry is a rather costly undertaking, and therefore you always need to secure a considerable flow of customers. A full-fledged advertising campaign can help here, which means it makes sense to advertise in local media and even create your own website. For the first time, you will have to allocate at least 100 thousand rubles, later, of course, this amount will be reduced, but some money will have to be invested constantly.

To open a laundry, you will need to allocate:

  • Registration – 20 thousand rubles.
  • Equipment – 2 million rubles.
  • Rent – 35 thousand rubles.
  • Advertising – 100 thousand rubles.
  • Salary – 110 thousand rubles.
  • Consumables for the first time – 20 thousand rubles.
  • Buying a car – 500 thousand rubles.

Total: 2 million 285 thousand rubles. Monthly expenses are 165 thousand rubles. The cost of laundry services, in general, should not be very high for the client, otherwise it will not be profitable for him to contact such establishments. In general, people go to the laundry either when they have a lot of dirty clothes (which means that large families will be the main consumers), or when the clothes need dry cleaning. 

Dry cleaning is the most expensive service, and here you need to understand that sometimes it is cheaper for a client to buy a new thing than to use laundry services; only valuable things are carried there. The cost of washing starts at about 200 rubles per kilogram of clothes; at the same time, many laundries that cooperate with enterprises and wash a large number of things for them at a time make a good discount – sometimes even more than twice. Dry cleaning can cost more than 1 thousand rubles for one thing, but here much is already determined by the complexity of removing pollution and usually such prices are set for outerwear. To cover your expenses, you need to take about 30 kilograms of clothes for washing every day – but this is calculated only at the lowest rate. Already from here it becomes clear that this business cannot be called highly profitable, profit is formed only with a very large number of orders – that is, with almost one hundred percent load of the laundry. For example, if a laundry takes 40 kilograms daily, then its income is 240 thousand rubles, operating profit is 75 thousand rubles, net profit is 63 thousand 750 rubles (profitability is about 25%). Such a business will not pay off in a couple of months (according to our calculations – almost 3 years, if you do not buy a car),

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